Shonan Monorail Photo Essay
photos and commentary by Kim Pedersen
page one of three
Welcome to Ofuna, Japan and the Shonan Monorail!
We're pleased to present this photo essay of what was the world's
first transit line to employ the French-developed Safege suspended monorail technology.
In 1964 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. built a test monorail
line at Higashiyama Park in Nagoya, Japan. Based on the success
of that line, Mitsubishi then constructed a 7 km single-lane line
between Ofuna and Enoshima in the Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The line opened in 1970. (photo courtesy of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries)
The alignment was ideal for Safege, with a narrow corridor and
hills to negotiate. The Shonan Monorail was Japan's first new
monorail built after the Tokyo-Haneda system opened in 1964.
In this Mitsubishi diagram, Safege platform heights are compared
to Alweg. Alweg backers would probably highlight the fact that
taller supports are required for Safege all along the corridor.
But then Safege fans would say, the guideway is completely protected
from the elements and can run in the most severe winter conditions.
The debate continues, but the truth is that both systems are ideal
for many applications.
This interesting diagram shows how Safege could be part of an
elevated road structure.
On to the pictures! Here we see a three-car train departing Ofuna
Station. As we like to do in our essays, we'll follow the line
from one end to the other. The Ofuna Station is a multi-modal
station where buses, taxi, urban rail lines and the Shonan Monorail
Here's the comfortable interior of one of the trains. Seated are
Ken Streit and David M. Ice, who accompanied yours truly when
The Monorail Society visited Japan in 2003 to document monorails.
Shonan Special one / two / three
/ back to the Special Features Page